Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Why Remove Wisdom Teeth?

In some cases, wisdom teeth (or third molars) can grow in without issue. However, complications are common. Impaction, pain and swelling, plaque build-up leading to tooth decay, gum disease, cysts, abscesses, and shifting teeth can all occur. Removing the wisdom teeth before they cause serious complications is important to your oral health.

The average mouth is only large enough to hold 28 teeth. When your 4 wisdom teeth start growing in (creating 32 teeth in the mouth) this can be very painful. In some instances, your wisdom teeth are growing in sideways and can’t properly emerge from the gums.

When teeth become stuck in your gums or partially erupted, they are a prime spot for bacteria to grow and cause infection. This results in swelling, stiffness, pain, and illness. Stuck (or impacted) teeth can also cause your other teeth to move out of alignment and need adjusting. The most concerning issue with impacted wisdom teeth occurs when tumors or cysts form and destroy the jawbone and healthy surrounding teeth.

Removal

Your oral surgeon may use local, sedation, or general anesthesia to perform this procedure. During the procedure, your surgeon will make an incision in the gum tissue to expose the tooth and bone. He/she will remove bone that blocks access to the root and may even divide the tooth into sections to make it easier to remove.

Once the tooth is removed, your surgeon will clean the site to remove any debris from the tooth or bone, and will then stitch the wound closed (although stitching isn’t always necessary, depending on the complexity of the procedure). Lastly, he/she will place gauze over the site to control bleeding and help a blood clot form.

Benefits Of Getting Your Wisdom Teeth Removed

  • Reduce pain and discomfort
  • Reduce plaque build up
  • Reduce risk of infection or gum disease
  • Eliminate tooth decay
  • Protect surrounding teeth and gums
  • Allow more room in a small mouth